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What Is Canada like compared to the us?

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What Is Canada like compared to the us?

Postby stew » Mon Dec 03, 2012 10:40 am

Like what is the government?
and The Medical Care?(i have pvc's and i was wondering if they could help me in an emergency)
And how (if possible) does an american get Canadian citizenship?
stew
 
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What Is Canada like compared to the us?

Postby percy » Mon Dec 03, 2012 10:43 am

Like what is the government?
and The Medical Care?(i have pvc's and i was wondering if they could help me in an emergency)
And how (if possible) does an american get Canadian citizenship?
Although Canada is marginally larger than the United States, a much smaller percentage of Canada is arable land. Agriculture is limited to the far south of Canada, areas near the American border; whereas, except for a few deserts and mountain ranges, most of the United States can be used for agriculture.

The human geography in both countries is an historical by-product of the agicultural situation. Canada's much smaller population is concentrated in the south, with large areas in the north sparsely inhabited. Over half of the Canadian population is located in three main clusters: Windsor-Quebec corridor, the Fraser Valley, and the Calgary-Edmonton corridor. These areas are separated from each other by the rocky and sparsely settled Pacific Cordillera and Canadian Shield landforms. America's population also has clusters, but is distributed more evenly across the Atlantic and Pacific coasts and the Mid-West, with fewer large gaps.

Transportation in the two countries is also differently impacted by climate and geography. Historically, Canadians were worried because much the country's rivers and ports freeze in the winter, inhibiting transportation, and encouraging Canadian exports to move south to the United States to market rather that outward to overseas markets. This fear largely abated with the development of reliable all-weather rail and road infrastructure, but the effect of encouraging north-south over east-west trade remains. This has facilitated a much more extensive and inexpensive road and rail network in the United States. Air travel is important is both countries, but is vital to remote northern communities in Alaska and more so, Canada.

While both countries are fortunate to have vast natural resources - such as minerals, petroleum, and forests - in Canada the benefits of these are shared among a much smaller pool. As it regards energy and raw materials, Canada is a major net exporter, and the United States a major net importer. The large river systems in Canada's north provide cheap hydro-electric power, including some exported to the United States. While the United States has large supplies of resources and fossil fuels, these are not enough to meet domestic demands and the country is forced to import many raw materials and fossil fuels, a great deal of which come from Canada. This leads to an important difference as increases in the price of resources boost the Canadian economy while hurting the American one. For example a rise in oil prices generally causes a fall in the New York Stock Exchange's Dow Jones Industrial Average and the NASDAQ's composite index but an increase in the Toronto Stock Exchange's main index, the S&P/TSX Composite Index.

[edit] Government
[edit] Taxation

The United States Dollar
The Canadian DollarThe average tax rate in Canada is slightly higher than in the United States. In Canada total tax and non-tax revenue for every level of government equals about 33.4% of GDP,[2] compared to the U.S. rate of 28.2%.[1]

A significant portion of this tax differential is due to spending differences between the two countries. While the US is running deficits of about 4% of GDP,[3] Canada has consistently posted a budget surplus of around 1% of GDP.[4] Considered in a revenue-neutral context, the differential is much smaller - Canada's total governmental spending was about 36% of GDP[5] vs. 31% in the US.[3] In addition, caution must be used when comparing taxes across countries, due to the different services each offers. Whereas the Canadian healthcare system is 70% government-funded, the US system is just under 50% government-funded (mostly via Medicare and Medicaid); adding the additional healthcare-spending burden to the above figures to obtain comparable numbers (+3% for Canada, +7% for the US) gives adjusted expenditures of 38–39% of GDP for each of the two nations.

The taxes are applied differently as well. Canada's income tax system is more heavily biased against the highest income earners, thus while Canada's income tax rate is higher on average, the bottom fifty percent of the population is roughly taxed the same on income as in the United States. However, Canada has a national goods and services tax of 5% on all purchases, while the U.S. federal government does not, increasing the tax burden on Canadian low-income earners due to the regressive nature of a sales tax. However, Canadian GST does not tax food and other essentials and a GST rebate for low-income earners mitigates regressiveness.[6]

In addition to the 5% GST levied on most purchases, some Canadians also pay a provincial sales tax at a rate that varies by province and can be as high as 10%. In Ontario, for example, where the provincial sales tax (PST) is 8%, consumers must pay a total of 13% sales tax on top of the purchase price. There are some purchases which are PST exempt, such as children's clothing. In the U.S., most states impose a sales tax, and cities and counties are often per
percy
 
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What Is Canada like compared to the us?

Postby tuhin71 » Mon Dec 03, 2012 10:59 am

You can find out about Canada's government by googling it. An American who wishes to become a Canadian citizen applies to do so and goes through the process of qualifying, which can take years. Medical care is a provincial matter. In some provinces you pay a monthly fee, in some you don't, but any citizen or legal resident of Canada gets medical care if they need it, once they have qualified for and applied for the medical coverage in the province they live in, and have the card to prove it. I don't know what pvc's is, but if you don't legally live in Canada or have travel medical insurance, you pay out of your own pocket for medical care.
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